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“You see these dictators on their pedestals, surrounded by the bayonets of their soldiers and the truncheons of their police ... yet in their hearts there is unspoken fear. They are afraid of words and thoughts: words spoken abroad, thoughts stirring at home -- all the more powerful because forbidden -- terrify them. A little mouse of thought appears in the room, and even the mightiest potentates are thrown into panic.”


Winston S. Churchill

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Gambia Independence Act 1964

1964 CHAPTER 93
An Act to make provision for, and in connection with, the attainment by The Gambiaof fully responsible status within the Commonwealth.[17th December 1964]


Fully responsible status of The Gambia.

On and after 18th February, 1965 (in this Act referred to as “the appointed day”) allthose territories which immediately before the appointed day are comprised either inthe Colony of the Gambia or in the Protectorate of the Gambia shall together formpart of Her Majesty’s dominions under the name of The Gambia; and on and after thatday Her Majesty’s Government in the United Kingdom shall have no responsibilityfor the government of those territories.

No Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom passed on or after the appointed dayshall extend, or be deemed to extend, to The Gambia as part of its law; and on andafter that day the provisions of Schedule 1 to this Act shall have effect with respectto the legislative powers of The Gambia.

Subsection (1) of this section shall not affect the operation in The Gambia or any partthereof of any enactment, or any other instrument having the effect of law, passed ormade before the appointed day.

The Gambia Independence Order 1965


1965 No. 135


The Gambia Independence Order 1965


29th January 1965

Laid before Parliament

4th February 1965

Coming into Operation Immediately before 18th February 1965

At the Court at Buckingham Palace, the 29th day of January 1965


The Queen's Most Excellent Majesty in Council

Her Majesty, by virtue and in exercise of the powers vested in Her by the British Settlements Acts 1887 and 1945(1), the Foreign Jurisdiction Act 1890 and the Gambia Independence Act 1964 and of all other powers enabling Her in that behalf, is pleased, by and with the advice of Her Privy Council, to order, and it is hereby ordered, as follows:—

Citation, commencement and construction

1.—(1) This Order may be cited as the Gambia Independence Order 1965.

(2) This Order shall come into operation immediately before 18th February 1965:

Provided that where the Governor-General has power by or under this Order to make any appointment or make any order (other than an order under section 4(3) of this Order relating to any Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom or any Order of Her Majesty in Council) or to do any other thing for the purposes of this Order, that power may be exercised by the Governor and Commander-in-Chief of the Colony and Protectorate of The Gambia at any time after 4th February 1965 to such extent as may, in his opinion, be necessary or expedient to enable the Constitution of The Gambia established by this Order and set out in Schedule 3 to this Order to function as from 18th February 1965.

(3) Save where the context otherwise requires, expressions used in sections 1 to 15 (inclusive) of this Order have the same meaning as in the said Constitution and the provisions of section 116 of that Constitution shall apply for the purpose of interpreting those sections as they apply for the purpose of interpreting that Constitution.

(4) References in Chapter VII of the said Constitution to any question as to the interpretation of that Constitution shall be construed as including references to any question as to the interpretation of this Order.

Constitution of the Republic of The Gambia 1970

No. 1 OF 1970

Assented to in Her Majesty's name

this Twenty-fourth day of April, 1970.

A.S. Jack,

Acting Governor-General.

Constitution of the Republic of The Gambia...1997...Reprined 2002

Constitution of the Republic of The Gambia 1997 with ammendments through 2004





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